@article{BBNxx, author = {Matthias Bentert and Ren{\'{e}} van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier}, journal = {Journal of Scheduling}, note = {In press}, date = {2018-11-27}, title = {Inductive $k$-independent graphs and $c$-colorable subgraphs in scheduling: A review}, year = 2018, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1712.06481} }

@article{BFM+18, title = {The parameterized complexity of finding secluded solutions to some classical optimization problems on graphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Till Fluschnik and George B. Mertzios and Hendrik Molter and Manuel Sorge and Ondřej Suchý}, date = {2018-11-01}, year = 2018, journal = {Discrete Optimzation}, volume = 30, pages = {20--50}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.09000v5}, doi = {10.1016/j.disopt.2018.05.002}, abstract = {This work studies the parameterized complexity of finding secluded solutions to classical combinatorial optimization problems on graphs such as finding minimum s-t separators, feedback vertex sets, dominating sets, maximum independent sets, and vertex deletion problems for hereditary graph properties: Herein, one searches not only to minimize or maximize the size of the solution, but also to minimize the size of its neighborhood. This restriction has applications in secure routing and community detection.} }

@unpublished{BFTxx, author = {Ren{\'{e}} van Bevern and Till Fluschnik and Oxana {Yu}. Tsidulko}, title = {Parameterized algorithms and data reduction for the short secluded $s$-$t$-path problem}, year = 2018, date = {2018-11-01}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.09540v2} }

@conference{BFT18, author = {Ren{\'{e}} van Bevern and Till Fluschnik and Oxana {Yu}. Tsidulko}, title = {Parameterized algorithms and data reduction for safe convoy routing}, year = 2018, date = {2018-08-29}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2018.10}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.09540v1}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 18th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modeling, Optimization, and Systems}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik}, series = {OpenAccess Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, pages = {10:1--10:19}, volume = 65 }

@article{MB18, title = {Parameterized complexity of machine scheduling: 15 open problems}, journal = {Computers \& Operations Research}, volume = {100}, pages = {254--261}, year = {2018}, issn = {0305-0548}, doi = {10.1016/j.cor.2018.07.020}, author = {Matthias Mnich and René van Bevern}, keywords = {Parallel machines, Shop scheduling, Makespan, Total completion time, Total tardiness, Throughput, Number of tardy jobs}, abstract = {Machine scheduling problems are a long-time key domain of algorithms and complexity research. A novel approach to machine scheduling problems are fixed-parameter algorithms. To stimulate this thriving research direction, we propose 15 open questions in this area whose resolution we expect to lead to the discovery of new approaches and techniques both in scheduling and parameterized complexity theory.}, date = {2018-08-16}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1709.01670} }

@unpublished{BTZxx, author = {Ren{\'{e}} van Bevern and Oxana {Yu}. Tsidulko and Philipp Zschoche}, title = {Fixed-parameter algorithms for maximum-profit facility location under matroid constraints}, year = 2018, date = {2018-10-13}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1806.11527} }

@conference{BBNN17, author = {{Bentert}, M. and {van Bevern}, R. and {Nichterlein}, A. and {Niedermeier}, R.}, title = {Parameterized algorithms for power-efficient connected symmetric wireless sensor networks}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Algorithms and Experiments for Wireless Networks (ALGOSENSORS'17), Wien, Austria}, year = 2017, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, volume = {10718}, pages = {26--40}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-72751-6_3}, publisher = {Springer}, date = {2017-12-31}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.03177}, abstract = {We study an NP-hard problem motivated by energy-efficiently maintaining the connectivity of a symmetric wireless sensor communication network. Given an edge-weighted n-vertex graph, find a connected spanning subgraph of minimum cost, where the cost is determined by letting each vertex pay the most expensive edge incident to it in the subgraph. We provide an algorithm that works in polynomial time if one can find a set of obligatory edges that yield a spanning subgraph with O(logn) connected components. We also provide a linear-time algorithm that reduces any input graph that consists of a tree together with g additional edges to an equivalent graph with O(g) vertices. Based on this, we obtain a polynomial-time algorithm for g∈O(logn). On the negative side, we show that o(logn)-approximating the difference d between the optimal solution cost and a natural lower bound is NP-hard and that there are presumably no exact algorithms running in 2o(n) time or in f(d)⋅nO(1) time for any computable function f.} }

@article{BKS17, title = {A parameterized approximation algorithm for the mixed and windy Capacitated Arc Routing Problem: theory and experiments}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Manuel Sorge}, journal = {Networks}, volume = {70}, number = {3}, issn = {1097-0037}, doi = {10.1002/net.21742}, pages = {262--278}, keywords = {vehicle routing, transportation, Rural Postman, Chinese Postman, NP-hard problem, fixed-parameter algorithm, combinatorial optimization}, year = {2017}, note = {WARP 2 special issue}, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1506.05620v2}, doi = {10.1002/net.21742}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/approximation-directed-arc-routing-atmos15.pdf}, sourcecode = {https://gitlab.com/rvb/mwcarp-approx}, date = {2017-10-01}, abstract = {We prove that any polynomial-time α(n)-approximation algorithm for the n-vertex metric asymmetric Traveling Salesperson Problem yields a polynomial-time O(α(C))-approximation algorithm for the mixed and windy Capacitated Arc Routing Problem, where C is the number of weakly connected components in the subgraph induced by the positive-demand arcs---a small number in many applications. In conjunction with known results, we obtain constant-factor approximations for C∈O(log n) and O(log C/log log C)-approximations in general. Experiments show that our algorithm, together with several heuristic enhancements, outperforms many previous polynomial-time heuristics. Finally, since the solution quality achievable in polynomial time appears to mainly depend on C and since C=1 in almost all benchmark instances, we propose the Ob benchmark set, simulating cities that are divided into several components by a river.} }

@conference{BFM+17, author = {René van Bevern and Till Fluschnik and George B. Mertzios and Hendrik Molter and Manuel Sorge and Ondřej Suchý}, title = {Finding Secluded Places of Special Interest in Graphs}, date = {2017-02-10}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC'16), Aarhus, Denmark}, abstract = {Finding a vertex subset in a graph that satisfies a certain property is one of the most-studied topics in algorithmic graph theory. The focus herein is often on minimizing or maximizing the size of the solution, that is, the size of the desired vertex set. In several applications, however, we also want to limit the "exposure" of the solution to the rest of the graph. This is the case, for example, when the solution represents persons that ought to deal with sensitive information or a segregated community. In this work, we thus explore the (parameterized) complexity of finding such secluded vertex subsets for a wide variety of properties that they shall fulfill. More precisely, we study the constraint that the (open or closed) neighborhood of the solution shall be bounded by a parameter and the influence of this constraint on the complexity of minimizing separators, feedback vertex sets, F-free vertex deletion sets, dominating sets, and the maximization of independent sets.}, pages = {5:1--5:16}, series = {Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)}, isbn = {978-3-95977-023-1}, issn = {1868-8969}, year = {2017}, volume = {63}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik}, url = {http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2017/6938}, doi = {10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2016.5} }

@article{BFK18, title = {Parameterizing edge modification problems above lower bounds}, author = {René van Bevern and Vincent Froese and Christian Komusiewicz}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.04047v3}, doi = {10.1007/s00224-016-9746-5}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/above-guarantee-editing-csr16.pdf}, year = 2018, date = {2018-04-01}, journal = {Theory of Computing Systems}, abstract = {We study the parameterized complexity of a variant of the F-free Editing problem: Given a graph G and a natural number k, is it possible to modify at most k edges in G so that the resulting graph contains no induced subgraph isomorphic to F? In our variant, the input additionally contains a vertex-disjoint packing H of induced subgraphs of G, which provides a lower bound h(H) on the number of edge modifications required to transform G into an F-free graph. While earlier works used the number k as parameter or structural parameters of the input graph G, we consider instead the parameter l:=k-h(H), that is, the number of edge modifications above the lower bound h(H). We develop a framework of generic data reduction rules to show fixed-parameter tractability with respect to l for K_3-Free Editing, Feedback Arc Set in Tournaments, and Cluster Editing when the packing H contains subgraphs with bounded solution size. For K_3-Free Editing, we also prove NP-hardness in case of edge-disjoint packings of K_3s and l=0, while for K_q-Free Editing and qge 6, NP-hardness for l=0 even holds for vertex-disjoint packings of K_qs. In addition, we provide NP-hardness results for F-free Vertex Deletion, were the aim is to delete a minimum number of vertices to make the input graph F-free.}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory, graph modification, invited, network analysis, NP-hard, parameterized complexity}, note = {CSR'16 special issue.}, volume = {62}, number = {3}, pages = {739--770} }

@conference{BKK+16, title = {Twins in Subdivision Drawings of Hypergraphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Iyad Kanj and Christian Komusiewicz and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge}, year = 2016, date = {2016-12-08}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Graph Drawing and Network Visualization (GD'16), Athens, Greece}, volume = {9801}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, publisher = {Springer}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1511.09389v3}, abstract = {Visualizing hypergraphs, systems of subsets of some universe, has continuously attracted research interest in the last decades. We study a natural kind of hypergraph visualization called subdivision drawings. Dinkla et al. [Comput. Graph. Forum ’12] claimed that only few hypergraphs have a subdivision drawing. However, this statement seems to be based on the assumption (also used in previous work) that the input hypergraph does not contain twins, pairs of vertices which are in precisely the same hyperedges (subsets of the universe). We show that such vertices may be necessary for a hypergraph to admit a subdivision drawing. As a counterpart, we show that the number of such “necessary twins” is upper-bounded by a function of the number m of hyperedges and a further parameter r of the desired drawing related to its number of layers. This leads to a linear-time algorithm for determining such subdivision draw- ings if m and r are constant; in other words, the problem is linear-time fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the parameters m and r.}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory, graph modification}, pages = {67--80}, isbn = {978-3-319-50106-2}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-50106-2_6} }

@article{BKN+16, title = {H-Index Manipulation by Merging Articles: Models, Theory, and Experiments}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge and Toby Walsh}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.5498v3}, sourcecode = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/hindex/}, year = 2016, date = {2016-11-01}, journal = {Artificial Intelligence}, volume = 240, pages = {19--35}, abstract = {An author's profile on Google Scholar consists of indexed articles and associated data, such as the number of citations and the H-index. The author is allowed to merge articles, which may affect the H-index. We analyze the (parameterized) computational complexity of maximizing the H-index using article merges. Herein, to model realistic manipulation scenarios, we define a compatibility graph whose edges correspond to plausible merges. Moreover, we consider several different measures for computing the citation count of a merged article. For the measure used by Google Scholar, we give an algorithm that maximizes the H-index in linear time if the compatibility graph has constant-size connected components. In contrast, if we allow to merge arbitrary articles (that is, for arbitrary compatibility graphs), then already increasing the H-index by one is NP-hard. Experiments on Google Scholar profiles of AI researchers show that the H-index can be manipulated substantially only if one merges articles with highly dissimilar titles.}, doi = {10.1016/j.artint.2016.08.001}, keywords = {network analysis, parameterized complexity} }

@conference{BBB+16, title = {Precedence-constrained scheduling problems parameterized by partial order width}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Laurent Bulteau and Christian Komusiewicz and Nimrod Talmon and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1605.00901v1}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-44914-2_9}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/p-prec-cmax-door16.pdf}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-09-19}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Discrete Optimization and Operations Research (DOOR'16), Vladivostok, Russian Federation}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {Negatively answering a question posed by Mnich and Wiese (Math. Program. 154(1-2):533-562), we show that P2|prec,pj∈{1,2}|Cmax, the problem of finding a non-preemptive minimum-makespan schedule for precedence-constrained jobs of lengths 1 and 2 on two parallel identical machines, is W[2]-hard parameterized by the width of the partial order giving the precedence constraints. To this end, we show that Shuffle Product, the problem of deciding whether a given word can be obtained by interleaving the letters of k other given words, is W[2]-hard parameterized by k, thus additionally answering a question posed by Rizzi and Vialette (CSR 2013). Finally, refining a geometric algorithm due to Servakh (Diskretn. Anal. Issled. Oper. 7(1):75-82), we show that the more general Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling problem is fixed-parameter tractable parameterized by the partial order width combined with the maximum allowed difference between the earliest possible and factual starting time of a job. }, pages = {105-120}, volume = {9869}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, keywords = {NP-hard, parameterized complexity, scheduling} }

@conference{BKM+16, title = {H-Index Manipulation by Undoing Merges}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Hendrik Molter and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge and Toby Walsh}, doi = {10.3233/978-1-61499-672-9-895}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1604.04827v2}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-08-29}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI'16), The Hague, Holland}, abstract = {The h-index is one of the most important bibliographic measures used to assess the performance of researchers. Van Bevern et al. [Artif. Intel., in press] showed that, despite computational worst-case hardness results, substantial manipulation of the h-index of Google Scholar author profiles is possible by merging articles. Complementing previous work, we study the opposite operation, the splitting of articles, which is arguably the more natural operation for manipulation and which is also allowed within Google Scholar. We present numerous results on computational complexity (from linear-time algorithms to parameterized hardness results) and empirically indicate that at least small improvements of the h-index by splitting merged articles are easily achievable.}, volume = {285}, pages = {895--903}, series = {Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications}, keywords = {graph modification, NP-hard, parameterized complexity} }

@unpublished{BPxx, title = {A fixed-parameter algorithm for a routing open shop problem: unit processing times, few machines and locations}, author = {René van Bevern and Artem V. Pyatkin}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1603.01191v3}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/routing-open-shop-csr16.pdf}, year = 2017, date = {2017-04-27}, abstract = {The open shop problem is to find a minimum makespan schedule to process each job Ji on each machine Mq for piq time such that, at any time, each machine processes at most one job and each job is processed by at most one machine. We study a problem variant in which the jobs are located in the vertices of an edge-weighted graph. The weights determine the time needed for the machines to travel between jobs in different vertices. We show that the problem with m machines and n unit-time jobs in g vertices is solvable in 2O(gm2loggm)+O(mnlogn) time.}, keywords = {NP-hard, parameterized complexity, routing, scheduling} }

@article{BBB+17, title = {Partitioning perfect graphs into stars}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Laurent Bulteau and Jiehua Chen and Vincent Froese and Rolf Niedermeier and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2589v3}, doi = {10.1002/jgt.22062}, year = 2017, date = {2017-06-01}, journal = {Journal of Graph Theory}, abstract = {The partition of graphs into nice subgraphs is a central algorithmic problem with strong ties to matching theory. We study the partitioning of undirected graphs into stars of the same size, a problem known to be NP-complete even for the case of stars on three vertices. We perform a thorough computational complexity study of the problem on subclasses of perfect graphs and identify several polynomial-time solvable cases, for example, on interval graphs and bipartite permutation graphs, and also NP-complete cases, for example, on grid graphs and chordal graphs.}, volume = 85, number = 2, pages = {297--335}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory} }

@conference{BFK16, title = {Parameterizing edge modification problems above lower bounds}, author = {René van Bevern and Vincent Froese and Christian Komusiewicz}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.04047v1}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-34171-2_5}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/above-guarantee-editing-csr16.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-319-34170-5}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-05-31}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia (CSR'16), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation}, volume = {9691}, pages = {57-72}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {For a fixed graph F, we study the parameterized complexity of a variant of the F-Free Editing problem: Given a graph G and a natural number k, is it possible to modify at most k edges in G so that the resulting graph contains no induced subgraph isomorphic to F? In our variant, the input additionally contains a vertex-disjoint packing H of induced subgraphs of G, which provides a lower bound h(H) on the number of edge modifications required to transform G into an F-free graph. While earlier works used the number k as parameter or structural parameters of the input graph G, we consider the parameter l:=k-h(H) instead, that is, the number of edge modifications above the lower bound h(H). We show fixed-parameter tractability with respect to l for K_3-Free Editing, Feedback Arc Set in Tournaments, and Cluster Editing when the packing H contains subgraphs with bounded modification cost. For K3-Free Editing, we also prove NP-hardness in case of edge-disjoint packings of K3s and l=0, while for Kq-Free Editing and q≥6, NP-hardness for l=0 even holds for vertex-disjoint packings of Kq.}, keywords = {graph modification, parameterized complexity}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in the CSR'16 special issue of Theory of Computing Systems} }

@conference{BP16, title = {Completing partial schedules for Open Shop with unit processing times and routing}, author = {René van Bevern and Artem V. Pyatkin}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1603.01191v1}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-319-34171-2_6}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/routing-open-shop-csr16.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-319-34170-5}, year = {2016}, date = {2016-05-31}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 11th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia (CSR'16), St. Petersburg, Russian Federation}, volume = {9691}, pages = {73-87}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {Open Shop is a classical scheduling problem: given a set J of jobs and a set M of machines, find a minimum-makespan schedule to process each job J_i∈J on each machine M_q∈M for a given amount p_iq of time such that each machine processes only one job at a time and each job is processed by only one machine at a time. In Routing Open Shop, the jobs are located in the vertices of an edge-weighted graph G=(V,E) whose edge weights determine the time needed for the machines to travel between jobs. Routing Open Shop is NP-hard for |V|=|M|=2. For the special case of unit processing times p_iq=1, we exploit Galvin's theorem about list-coloring edges of bipartite graphs to prove a theorem that gives a sufficient condition for the completability of partial schedules. Exploiting this schedule completion theorem and integer linear programming, we show that Routing Open Shop with unit processing times is solvable in 2^O(|V||M|^2 log |V||M|) poly(|J|)) time, that is, fixed-parameter tractable parameterized by |V|+|M|. Various upper bounds shown using the schedule completion theorem suggest it to be likewise beneficial for the development of approximation algorithms.}, keywords = {NP-hard, parameterized complexity, routing, scheduling} }

@article{FBNS16, title = {Exploiting hidden structure in selecting dimensions that distinguish vectors}, author = {Vincent Froese and René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.01150v2}, doi = {10.1016/j.jcss.2015.11.011}, issn = {0022-0000}, year = 2016, date = {2016-05-01}, journal = {Journal of Computer and System Sciences}, volume = 82, number = 3, pages = {521--535}, abstract = {The NP-hard Distinct Vectors problem asks to delete as many columns as possible from a matrix such that all rows in the resulting matrix are still pairwise distinct. Our main result is that, for binary matrices, there is a complexity dichotomy for Distinct Vectors based on the maximum (H) and the minimum (h) pairwise Hamming distance between matrix rows: Distinct Vectors can be solved in polynomial time if H≤2⌈h/2⌉+1, and is NP-complete otherwise. Moreover, we explore connections of Distinct Vectors to hitting sets, thereby providing several fixed-parameter tractability and intractability results also for general matrices.} }

@article{BNS17, title = {A parameterized complexity view on non-preemptively scheduling interval-constrained jobs: few machines, small looseness, and small slack}, author = {René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Ondřej Suchý}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1508.01657v2}, doi = {10.1007/s10951-016-0478-9}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/looseness-slack-door16.pdf}, issn = {1094-6136}, year = 2017, date = {2017-06-01}, journal = {Journal of Scheduling}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We study the problem of non-preemptively scheduling n jobs, each job j with a release time t_j, a deadline d_j, and a processing time p_j, on m parallel identical machines. Cieliebak et al. considered the two constraints |d_j-t_j| ≤ λp_j and |d_j-t_j| ≤ p_j+σ and showed the problem to be NP-hard for any λ>1 and for any σ≥2. We complement their results by parameterized complexity studies: we show that, for any λ>1, the problem remains weakly NP-hard even for m=2 and strongly W[1]-hard parameterized by m. We present a pseudo-polynomial-time algorithm for constant m and λ and a fixed-parameter tractability result for the parameter m combined with σ.}, volume = 20, number = 3, pages = {255–265} }

@article{BCH+15, title = {Approximability and parameterized complexity of multicover by $c$-intervals}, author = {René van Bevern and Jiehua Chen and Falk Hüffner and Stefan Kratsch and Nimrod Talmon and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, url = {https://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/publications/c-interval-cover-IPL.pdf}, doi = {10.1016/j.ipl.2015.03.004}, issn = {0020-0190}, year = 2015, date = {2015-10-01}, journal = {Information Processing Letters}, volume = 115, number = 10, pages = {744--749}, abstract = {A c-interval is the disjoint union of c intervals over N. The c-Interval Multicover problem is the special case of Set Multicover where all sets available for covering are c-intervals. We strengthen known APX-hardness results for c-Interval Multicover, show W[1]-hardness when parameterized by the solution size, and present fixed-parameter algorithms for alternative parameterizations.}, keywords = {scheduling} }

@article{BMNW15, title = {Interval scheduling and colorful independent sets}, author = {René van Bevern and Matthias Mnich and Rolf Niedermeier and Mathias Weller}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.0851v2}, doi = {10.1007/s10951-014-0398-5}, sourcecode = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/cis}, issn = {1094-6136}, year = 2015, date = {2015-10-01}, journal = {Journal of Scheduling}, volume = 18, number = 5, pages = {449-469}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {Numerous applications in scheduling, such as resource allocation or steel manufacturing, can be modeled using the NP-hard Independent Set problem (given an undirected graph and an integer k, find a set of at least k pairwise non-adjacent vertices). Here, one encounters special graph classes like 2-union graphs (edge-wise unions of two interval graphs) and strip graphs (edge-wise unions of an interval graph and a cluster graph), on which Independent Set remains NP-hard but admits constant ratio approximations in polynomial time. We study the parameterized complexity of Independent Set on 2-union graphs and on subclasses like strip graphs. Our investigations significantly benefit from a new structural “compactness” parameter of interval graphs and novel problem formulations using vertex-colored interval graphs. Our main contributions are as follows: 1. We show a complexity dichotomy: restricted to graph classes closed under induced subgraphs and disjoint unions, Independent Set is polynomial-time solvable if both input interval graphs are cluster graphs, and is NP-hard otherwise. 2. We chart the possibilities and limits of effective polynomial-time preprocessing (also known as kernelization). 3. We extend Halldórsson and Karlsson (2006)’s fixed-parameter algorithm for Independent Set on strip graphs parameterized by the structural parameter “maximum number of live jobs” to show that the problem (also known as Job Interval Selection) is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the parameter k and generalize their algorithm from strip graphs to 2-union graphs. Preliminary experiments with random data indicate that Job Interval Selection with up to 15 jobs and 5⋅10^5 intervals can be solved optimally in less than 5 min.}, keywords = {scheduling} }

@conference{BKS15, title = {Approximation Algorithms for Mixed, Windy, and Capacitated Arc Routing Problems}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Manuel Sorge}, url = {http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2015/5457}, doi = {10.4230/OASIcs.ATMOS.2015.130}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/approximation-directed-arc-routing-atmos15.pdf}, sourcecode = {https://gitlab.com/rvb/mwcarp-approx}, longversion = {BKSxx.html}, issn = {2190-6807}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-09-17}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 15th Workshop on Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modelling, Optimization, and Systems (ATMOS'15), Patras, Greece}, volume = {48}, pages = {130--143}, publisher = {Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik}, series = {OpenAccess Series in Informatics (OASIcs)}, abstract = {We show that any alpha(n)-approximation algorithm for the n-vertex metric asymmetric Traveling Salesperson problem yields O(alpha(C))-approximation algorithms for various mixed, windy, and capacitated arc routing problems. Herein, C is the number of weakly-connected components in the subgraph induced by the positive-demand arcs, a number that can be expected to be small in applications. In conjunction with known results, we derive constant-factor approximations if C is in O(log n) and O(log(C)/log(log(C)))-approximations in general.}, note = {Best paper award. The final version of this article appeared in the WARP 2 special issue of Networks.}, keywords = {routing}, sourcecode = {http://gitlab.com/rvb/mwcarp-approx/} }

@article{BFSS15, title = {On the Parameterized Complexity of Computing Balanced Partitions in Graphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Andreas Emil Feldmann and Manuel Sorge and Ondřej Suchý}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1312.7014v2}, doi = {10.1007/s00224-014-9557-5}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/bipartition.pdf}, issn = {1432-4350}, year = 2015, date = {2015-07-08}, journal = {Theory of Computing Systems}, volume = 57, number = 1, pages = {1-35}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {A balanced partition is a clustering of a graph into a given number of equal-sized parts. For instance, the Bisection problem asks to remove at most k edges in order to partition the vertices into two equal-sized parts. We prove that Bisection is FPT for the distance to constant cliquewidth if we are given the deletion set. This implies FPT algorithms for some well-studied parameters such as cluster vertex deletion number and feedback vertex set. However, we show that Bisection does not admit polynomial-size kernels for these parameters. For the Vertex Bisection problem, vertices need to be removed in order to obtain two equal-sized parts. We show that this problem is FPT for the number of removed vertices k if the solution cuts the graph into a constant number c of connected components. The latter condition is unavoidable, since we also prove that Vertex Bisection is W[1]-hard w.r.t. (k,c). Our algorithms for finding bisections can easily be adapted to finding partitions into d equal-sized parts, which entails additional running time factors of n^O(d). We show that a substantial speed-up is unlikely since the corresponding task is W[1]-hard w.r.t. d, even on forests of maximum degree two. We can, however, show that it is FPT for the vertex cover number.}, keywords = {graph modification} }

@unpublished{BKK+xx, title = {Well-Formed Separator Sequences, with an Application to Hypergraph Drawing}, author = {René van Bevern and Iyad Kanj and Christian Komusiewicz and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1507.02350}, year = 2015, date = {2015-07-01}, abstract = {Given a hypergraph H, the Planar Support problem asks whether there is a planar graph G on the same vertex set as H such that each hyperedge induces a connected subgraph of G. Planar Support is motivated by applications in graph drawing and data visualization. We show that Planar Support is fixed-parameter tractable when parameterized by the number of hyperedges in the input hypergraph and the outerplanarity number of the sought planar graph. To this end, we develop novel structural results for r-outerplanar triangulated disks, showing that they admit sequences of separators with structural properties enabling data reduction. This allows us to obtain a problem kernel for Planar Support, thus showing its fixed-parameter tractability.}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory, hypergraphs} }

@conference{BKN+15, title = {H-Index Manipulation by Merging Articles: Models, Theory, and Experiments}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge and Toby Walsh}, url = {http://ijcai.org/papers15/Papers/IJCAI15-119.pdf}, longversion = {BKN+16.html}, isbn = {978-1-57735-738-4}, year = {2015}, date = {2015-07-01}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 24th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI'15, Buenos Aires, Argentina}, pages = {808--814}, publisher = {AAAI Press}, abstract = {An author's profile on Google Scholar consists of indexed articles and associated data, such as the number of citations and the H-index. The author is allowed to merge articles, which may affect the H-index. We analyze the parameterized complexity of maximizing the H-index using article merges. Herein, to model realistic manipulation scenarios, we define a compatability graph whose edges correspond to plausible merges. Moreover, we consider multiple possible measures for computing the citation count of a merged article. For the measure used by Google Scholar, we give an algorithm that maximizes the H-index in linear time if the compatibility graph has constant-size connected components. In contrast, if we allow to merge arbitrary articles, then already increasing the H-index by one is NP-hard. Experiments on Google Scholar profiles of AI researchers show that the H-index can be manipulated substantially only by merging articles with highly dissimilar titles, which would be easy to discover.}, keywords = {network analysis}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Artificial Intelligence} }

@article{BBC+15, title = {Network-Based Vertex Dissolution}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Jiehua Chen and Vincent Froese and Rolf Niedermeier and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1402.2664v3}, doi = {10.1137/140978880}, year = 2015, date = {2015-05-01}, journal = {SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics}, volume = 29, number = 2, pages = {888-914}, abstract = {We introduce a graph-theoretic vertex dissolution model that applies to a number of redistribution scenarios, such as gerrymandering in political districting or work balancing in an online situation. The central aspect of our model is the deletion of certain vertices and the redistribution of their load to neighboring vertices in a completely balanced way. We investigate how the underlying graph structure, the knowledge of which vertices should be deleted, and the relation between old and new vertex loads influence the computational complexity of the underlying graph problems. Our results establish a clear borderline between tractable and intractable cases.}, keywords = {network analysis} }

@article{BDF+15, title = {Myhill-Nerode Methods for Hypergraphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Rodney G. Downey and Michael R. Fellows and Serge Gaspers and Frances A. Rosamond}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1211.1299v5}, doi = {10.1007/s00453-015-9977-x}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/myhill-nerode-hypergraphs-isaac13.pdf}, issn = {0178-4617}, year = 2015, date = {2015-02-27}, journal = {Algorithmica}, volume = 73, number = 4, pages = {696-729}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We give an analog of the Myhill–Nerode theorem from formal language theory for hypergraphs and use it to derive the following results for two NP-hard hypergraph problems. (1) We provide an algorithm for testing whether a hypergraph has cutwidth at most k that runs in linear time for constant k. In terms of parameterized complexity theory, the problem is fixed-parameter linear parameterized by k. (2) We show that it is not expressible in monadic second-order logic whether a hypergraph has bounded (fractional, generalized) hypertree width. The proof leads us to conjecture that, in terms of parameterized complexity theory, these problems are W[1]-hard parameterized by the incidence treewidth (the treewidth of the incidence graph). Thus, in the form of the Myhill–Nerode theorem for hypergraphs, we obtain a method to derive linear-time algorithms and to obtain indicators for intractability for hypergraph problems parameterized by incidence treewidth.}, note = {ISAAC'13 special issue}, keywords = {hypergraphs, invited} }

@incollection{BNSW14, title = {Complexity of arc routing problems}, author = {René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge and Mathias Weller}, editor = {Ángel Corberán and Gilbert Laporte}, doi = {10.1137/1.9781611973679.ch2}, year = 2014, date = {2014-12-01}, booktitle = {Arc Routing: Problems, Methods, and Applications}, publisher = {SIAM}, chapter = 2, keywords = {routing}, abstract = {The linked PDF file is only a preview containing the first page and references. The full text can be read on Google Books.}, url = {http://rvb.su/pdf/arcrouting-preview.pdf} }

@article{BBC+17, title = {Fixed-parameter algorithms for {DAG} Partitioning}, journal = {Discrete Applied Mathematics}, volume = 220, pages = {134--160}, year = 2017, issn = {0166-218X}, doi = {10.1016/j.dam.2016.12.002}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Morgan Chopin and Sepp Hartung and Falk Hüffner and André Nichterlein and Ondřej Suchý}, keywords = {NP-hard problem}, keywords = {Graph algorithms}, keywords = {Polynomial-time data reduction}, keywords = {Multiway cut}, keywords = {Linear-time algorithms}, keywords = {Algorithm engineering}, keywords = {Evaluating heuristics }, abstract = {Abstract Finding the origin of short phrases propagating through the web has been formalized by Leskovec et al. (2009) as \{DAG\} Partitioning: given an arc-weighted directed acyclic graph on n vertices and m arcs, delete arcs with total weight at most k such that each resulting weakly-connected component contains exactly one sink—a vertex without outgoing arcs. \{DAG\} Partitioning is NP-hard. We show an algorithm to solve \{DAG\} Partitioning in O ( 2 k ⋅ ( n + m ) ) time, that is, in linear time for fixed k . We complement it with linear-time executable data reduction rules. Our experiments show that, in combination, they can optimally solve \{DAG\} Partitioning on simulated citation networks within five minutes for k ≤ 190 and m being 10 7 and larger. We use our obtained optimal solutions to evaluate the solution quality of Leskovec et al.’s heuristic. We show that Leskovec et al.’s heuristic works optimally on trees and generalize this result by showing that \{DAG\} Partitioning is solvable in 2 O ( t 2 ) ⋅ n time if a width- t tree decomposition of the input graph is given. Thus, we improve an algorithm and answer an open question of Alamdari and Mehrabian (2012). We complement our algorithms by lower bounds on the running time of exact algorithms and on the effectivity of data reduction. }, url = {https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.08809} }

@phdthesis{Bev14, title = {Fixed-Parameter Linear-Time Algorithms for NP-hard Graph and Hypergraph Problems Arising in Industrial Applications}, author = {René van Bevern}, doi = {10.14279/depositonce-4131}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/fixed-parameter-linear-time-slides.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-7983-2706-1}, year = 2014, date = {2014-10-01}, publisher = {Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin}, school = {Fakultät IV -- Elektrotechnik und Informatik, TU Berlin}, abstract = {This thesis aims for the development of efficient algorithms to exactly solve four selected NP-hard graph and hypergraph problems arising in the fields of scheduling, steel manufactoring, software engineering, radio frequency allocation, computer-aided circuit design, and social network analysis. NP-hard problems presumably cannot be solved exactly in a running time growing only polynomially with the input size. In order to still solve the considered problems efficiently, this thesis develops linear-time data reduction and fixed-parameter linear-time algorithms—algorithms that can be proven to run in linear time if certain parameters of the problem instances are constant. Besides proving linear worst-case running times, the efficiency of most of the developed algorithms is evaluated experimentally. Moreover, the limits of fixed-parameter linear-time algorithms and provably efficient and effective data reduction are shown.}, note = {PhD thesis} }

@article{Bev14b, title = {Towards Optimal and Expressive Kernelization for $d$-Hitting Set}, author = {René van Bevern}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1112.2310v3}, doi = {10.1007/s00453-013-9774-3}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/towards-optimal-and-expressive-kernelization-for-hitting-set-63tt.pdf}, sourcecode = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/hslinkern/}, issn = {0178-4617}, year = 2014, date = {2014-09-01}, journal = {Algorithmica}, volume = 70, number = 1, pages = {129-147}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {A sunflower in a hypergraph is a set of hyperedges pairwise intersecting in exactly the same vertex set. Sunflowers are a useful tool in polynomial-time data reduction for problems formalizable as d-Hitting Set, the problem of covering all hyperedges (whose cardinality is bounded from above by a constant d) of a hypergraph by at most k vertices. Additionally, in fault diagnosis, sunflowers yield concise explanations for “highly defective structures”. We provide a linear-time algorithm that, by finding sunflowers, transforms an instance of d-Hitting Set into an equivalent instance comprising at most O(k^d) hyperedges and vertices. In terms of parameterized complexity, we show a problem kernel with asymptotically optimal size (unless coNP⊆NP/poly) and provide experimental results that show the practical applicability of our algorithm. Finally, we show that the number of vertices can be reduced to O(k^(d−1)) with additional processing in O(k^(1.5d)) time—nontrivially combining the sunflower technique with problem kernels due to Abu-Khzam and Moser.}, note = {COCOON'12 special issue}, keywords = {hypergraphs, invited} }

@conference{BBC+14b, title = {Network-Based Dissolution}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Jiehua Chen and Vincent Froese and Rolf Niedermeier and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-44465-8_7}, isbn = {978-3-662-44464-1}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-08-25}, booktitle = {Proceedings of 39th International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS'14), Budapest, Hungary}, volume = {8635}, pages = {69-80}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {We introduce a graph-theoretic dissolution model that applies to a number of redistribution scenarios such as gerrymandering in political districting or work balancing in an online situation. The central aspect of our model is the deletion of certain vertices and the redistribution of their loads to neighboring vertices in a perfectly balanced way. We investigate how the underlying graph structure, the pre-knowledge of which vertices should be deleted, and the relation between old and new vertex loads influence the computational complexity of the underlying graph problems. Our results establish a clear borderline between tractable and intractable cases.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in SIAM Journal on Discrete Mathematics}, longversion = {BBC+15.html}, keywords = {network analysis} }

@conference{BBB+14, title = {Star Partitions of Perfect Graphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Laurent Bulteau and Jiehua Chen and Vincent Froese and Rolf Niedermeier and Gerhard J. Woeginger}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-662-43948-7_15}, isbn = {978-3-662-43947-0}, year = {2014}, date = {2014-07-01}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 41st International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP'14), Copenhagen, Denmark}, volume = {8572}, pages = {174-185}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {The partition of graphs into nice subgraphs is a central algorithmic problem with strong ties to matching theory. We study the partitioning of undirected graphs into stars, a problem known to be NP-complete even for the case of stars on three vertices. We perform a thorough computational complexity study of the problem on subclasses of perfect graphs and identify several polynomial-time solvable cases, for example, on interval graphs and bipartite permutation graphs, and also NP-hard cases, for example, on grid graphs and chordal graphs.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Journal of Graph Theory}, longversion = {BBB+17.html}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory} }

@article{BHNS14, title = {Constant-factor approximations for Capacitated Arc Routing without triangle inequality}, author = {René van Bevern and Sepp Hartung and André Nichterlein and Manuel Sorge}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/1404.3660v1}, doi = {10.1016/j.orl.2014.05.002}, issn = {0167-6377}, year = 2014, date = {2014-06-01}, journal = {Operations Research Letters}, volume = 42, number = 4, pages = {290-292}, abstract = {Abstract Given an undirected graph with edge costs and edge demands, the Capacitated Arc Routing problem (CARP) asks for minimum-cost routes for equal-capacity vehicles so as to satisfy all demands. Constant-factor polynomial-time approximation algorithms were proposed for CARP with triangle inequality, while CARP was claimed to be NP-hard to approximate within any constant factor in general. Correcting this claim, we show that any factor α approximation for CARP with triangle inequality yields a factor α approximation for the general CARP.}, keywords = {routing, scheduling} }

@conference{BFGR13, title = {Myhill-Nerode Methods for Hypergraphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Michael R. Fellows and Serge Gaspers and Frances A. Rosamond}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-45030-3_35}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/myhill-nerode-hypergraphs-isaac13.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-642-45029-7}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-12-13}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC'13), Hong Kong, China}, volume = {8283}, pages = {372-382}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {We introduce a method of applying Myhill-Nerode methods from formal language theory to hypergraphs and show how this method can be used to obtain the following parameterized complexity results. Hypergraph Cutwidth (deciding whether a hypergraph on n vertices has cutwidth at most k) is linear-time solvable for constant k. For hypergraphs of constant incidence treewidth (treewidth of the incidence graph), Hypertree Width and variants cannot be solved by simple finite tree automata. The proof leads us to conjecture that Hypertree Width is W[1]-hard for this parameter.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in the ISAAC'13 special issue of Algorithmica}, longversion = {BDF+15.html}, keywords = {hypergraphs} }

@conference{FBNS13, title = {A Parameterized Complexity Analysis of Combinatorial Feature Selection Problems}, author = {Vincent Froese and René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Manuel Sorge}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-40313-2_40}, isbn = {978-3-642-40312-5}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-08-26}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 38th International on Symposium Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS'13), Klosterneuburg, Austria}, volume = {8087}, pages = {445-456}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {We examine the algorithmic tractability of NP-hard combinatorial feature selection problems in terms of parameterized complexity theory. In combinatorial feature selection, one seeks to discard dimensions from high-dimensional data such that the resulting instances fulfill a desired property. In parameterized complexity analysis, one seeks to identify relevant problem-specific quantities and tries to determine their influence on the computational complexity of the considered problem. In this paper, for various combinatorial feature selection problems, we identify parameterizations and reveal to what extent these govern computational complexity. We provide tractability as well as intractability results; for example, we show that the Distinct Vectors problem on binary points is polynomial-time solvable if each pair of points differs in at most three dimensions, whereas it is NP-hard otherwise.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Journal of Computer and System Sciences}, longversion = {FBNS16.html} }

@conference{BFSS13, title = {On the Parameterized Complexity of Computing Graph Bisections}, author = {René van Bevern and Andreas Emil Feldmann and Manuel Sorge and Ondřej Suchý}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-45043-3_8}, isbn = {978-3-642-45042-6}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-06-19}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 39th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG'13), Lübeck, Germany}, volume = {8165}, pages = {76-87}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {The Bisection problem asks for a partition of the vertices of a graph into two equally sized sets, while minimizing the cut size. This is the number of edges connecting the two vertex sets. Bisection has been thoroughly studied in the past. However, only few results have been published that consider the parameterized complexity of this problem. We show that Bisection is FPT w.r.t. the minimum cut size if there is an optimum bisection that cuts into a given constant number of connected components. Our algorithm applies to the more general Balanced Biseparator problem where vertices need to be removed instead of edges. We prove that this problem is W[1]-hard w.r.t. the minimum cut size and the number of cut out components. For Bisection we further show that no polynomial-size kernels exist for the cut size parameter. In fact, we show this for all parameters that are polynomial in the input size and that do not increase when taking disjoint unions of graphs. We prove fixed-parameter tractability for the distance to constant cliquewidth if we are given the deletion set. This implies fixed-parameter algorithms for some well-studied parameters such as cluster vertex deletion number and feedback vertex set.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Theory of Computing Systems}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/bipartition.pdf}, longversion = {BFSS15.html}, keywords = {graph modification} }

@conference{BBC+13, title = {Parameterized Complexity of {DAG} Partitioning}, author = {René van Bevern and Robert Bredereck and Morgan Chopin and Sepp Hartung and Falk Hüffner and André Nichterlein and Ondřej Suchý}, url = {http://www.user.tu-berlin.de/hueffner/dag-partitioning-ciac13.pdf}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-38233-8_5}, isbn = {978-3-642-38232-1}, year = {2013}, date = {2013-05-22}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Algorithms and Complexity (CIAC'13), Barcelona, Spain}, volume = {7878}, pages = {49-60}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {The goal of tracking the origin of short, distinctive phrases (memes) that propagate through the web in reaction to current events has been formalized as DAG Partitioning: given a directed acyclic graph, delete edges of minimum weight such that each resulting connected component of the underlying undirected graph contains only one sink. Motivated by NP-hardness and hardness of approximation results, we consider the parameterized complexity of this problem. We show that it can be solved in O(2^k·n^2) time, where k is the number of edge deletions, proving fixed-parameter tractability for parameter k. We then show that unless the Exponential Time Hypothesis (ETH) fails, this cannot be improved to 2^o(k)·n^O(1); further, DAG Partitioning does not have a polynomial kernel unless NP ⊆ coNP/poly. Finally, given a tree decomposition of width w, we show how to solve DAG Partitioning in 2^O(w^2)⋅n time, improving a known algorithm for the parameter pathwidth.}, note = {A final version of this article with improved algorithms and an experimental evaluations has appeared in Discrete Applied Mathematics.}, keywords = {graph modification, network analysis} }

@conference{BMNW12, title = {Interval Scheduling and Colorful Independent Sets}, author = {René van Bevern and Matthias Mnich and Rolf Niedermeier and Mathias Weller}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-35261-4_28}, isbn = {978-3-642-35260-7}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-12-19}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 23rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC'12), Taipei, Taiwan}, volume = {7676}, pages = {247--256}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {The NP-hard Independent Set problem is to determine for a given graph G and an integer k whether G contains a set of k pairwise non-adjacent vertices. The problem has numerous applications in scheduling, including resource allocation and steel manufacturing. There, one encounters restricted graph classes such as 2-union graphs, which are edge-wise unions of two interval graphs on the same vertex set, or strip graphs, where additionally one of the two interval graphs is a disjoint union of cliques. We prove NP-hardness of Independent Set on a very restricted subclass of 2-union graphs and identify natural parameterizations to chart the possibilities and limitations of effective polynomial-time preprocessing (kernelization) and fixed-parameter algorithms. Our algorithms benefit from novel formulations of the computational problems in terms of (list-)colored interval graphs.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Journal of Scheduling}, longversion = {BMNW15.html}, keywords = {scheduling} }

@article{SBNW12, title = {A new view on Rural Postman based on Eulerian Extension and Matching}, author = {Manuel Sorge and René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Mathias Weller}, url = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/publications/A_New_View_on_Rural_Postman_Based_on_Eulerian_Extension_and_Matching-JDA.pdf}, doi = {10.1016/j.jda.2012.04.007}, issn = {1570-8667}, year = 2012, date = {2012-10-01}, journal = {Journal of Discrete Algorithms}, volume = 16, pages = {12--33}, abstract = {We provide a new characterization of the NP-hard arc routing problem Rural Postman in terms of a constrained variant of minimum-weight perfect matching on bipartite graphs. To this end, we employ a parameterized equivalence between Rural Postman and Eulerian Extension, a natural arc addition problem in directed multigraphs. We indicate the NP-hardness of the introduced matching problem. In particular, we use the matching problem to make partial progress towards answering the open question about the parameterized complexity of Rural Postman with respect to the parameter “number of weakly connected components in the graph induced by the required arcs”. This is a more than thirty years open and long-neglected question with significant practical relevance.}, note = {IWOCA'11 special issue}, keywords = {graph modification, invited, routing} }

@conference{BHK+11, title = {Linear-Time Computation of a Linear Problem Kernel for Dominating Set on Planar Graphs}, author = {René van Bevern and Sepp Hartung and Frank Kammer and Rolf Niedermeier and Mathias Weller}, url = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/publications/Linear-Time_Computation_of_a_Linear_Problem_Kernel_for_Dominating_set_on_Planar_Graphs-IPEC.pdf}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/linear-time-linear-kernel-dominating-set.pdf}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-28050-4_16}, isbn = {978-3-642-28049-8}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-09-06}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC'11), Saarbrücken, Germany}, volume = {7112}, pages = {194--206}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {We present a linear-time kernelization algorithm that transforms a given planar graph G with domination number γ(G) into a planar graph G' of size O(γ(G)) with γ(G) = γ(G'). In addition, a minimum dominating set for G can be inferred from a minimum dominating set for G'. In terms of parameterized algorithmics, this implies a linear-size problem kernel for the NP-hard Dominating Set problem on planar graphs, where the kernelization takes linear time. This improves on previous kernelization algorithms that provide linear-size kernels in cubic time.}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory} }

@conference{Bev12, title = {Towards Optimal and Expressive Kernelization for $d$-Hitting Set}, author = {René van Bevern}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-32241-9_11}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/towards-optimal-and-expressive-kernelization-for-hitting-set-63tt.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-642-32240-2}, year = {2012}, date = {2012-08-20}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 18th Annual International Computing and Combinatorics Conference (COCOON'12), Sydney, Australia}, volume = {7434}, pages = {121-132}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {A sunflower in a hypergraph is a set of hyperedges pairwise intersecting in exactly the same vertex set. Sunflowers are a useful tool in polynomial-time data reduction for problems formalizable as d-Hitting Set, the problem of covering all hyperedges (of cardinality at most d) of a hypergraph by at most k vertices. Additionally, in fault diagnosis, sunflowers yield concise explanations for “highly defective structures”. We provide a linear-time algorithm that, by finding sunflowers, transforms an instance of d-Hitting Set into an equivalent instance comprising at most O(k^d) hyperedges and vertices. In terms of parameterized complexity, we show a problem kernel with asymptotically optimal size (unless coNP ⊆ NP/poly). We show that the number of vertices can be reduced to O(k^(d−1)) with additional processing in O(k^(1.5d)) time—nontrivially combining the sunflower technique with problem kernels due to Abu-Khzam and Moser.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in the COCOON'12 special issue of Algorithmica}, longversion = {Bev14b.html}, keywords = {hypergraphs} }

@article{BMN12, title = {Approximation and Tidying---A Problem Kernel for $s$-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion}, author = {René van Bevern and Hannes Moser and Rolf Niedermeier}, url = {http://www.akt.tu-berlin.de/fileadmin/fg34/publications-akt/approximation-and-tidying.pdf}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/kernelization-through-tidying-talk-latin10.pdf}, doi = {10.1007/s00453-011-9492-7}, issn = {0178-4617}, year = 2012, date = {2012-04-01}, journal = {Algorithmica}, volume = 62, number = {3-4}, pages = {930-950}, publisher = {Springer}, abstract = {We introduce the NP-hard graph-based data clustering problem s-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion, where the task is to delete at most k vertices from a graph so that the connected components of the resulting graph are s-plexes. In an s-plex, every vertex has an edge to all but at most s−1 other vertices; cliques are 1-plexes. We propose a new method based on “approximation and tidying” for kernelizing vertex deletion problems whose goal graphs can be characterized by forbidden induced subgraphs. The method exploits polynomial-time approximation results and thus provides a useful link between approximation and kernelization. Employing “approximation and tidying”, we develop data reduction rules that, in O(ksn^2) time, transform an s-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion instance with n vertices into an equivalent instance with O(k^2 s^3) vertices, yielding a problem kernel. To this end, we also show how to exploit structural properties of the specific problem in order to significantly improve the running time of the proposed kernelization method.}, keywords = {graph modification} }

@article{BBF+11, title = {Parameterized Algorithmics for Finding Connected Motifs in Biological Networks}, author = {Nadja Betzler and René van Bevern and Michael R. Fellows and Christian Komusiewicz and Rolf Niedermeier}, url = {http://www.akt.tu-berlin.de/fileadmin/fg34/publications-akt/finding-connected-motifs-in-biological-networks.pdf}, sourcecode = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/graph-motif/}, doi = {10.1109/TCBB.2011.19}, issn = {1545-5963}, year = 2011, date = {2011-09-01}, journal = {IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics}, volume = 8, number = 5, pages = {1296-1308}, abstract = {We study the NP-hard LIST-COLORED GRAPH MOTIF problem which, given an undirected list-colored graph G = (V, E) and a multiset M of colors, asks for maximum-cardinality sets S ⊆ V and M' ⊆ M such that G[S] is connected and contains exactly (with respect to multiplicity) the colors in M'. LIST-COLORED GRAPH MOTIF has applications in the analysis of biological networks. We study LIST-COLORED GRAPH MOTIF with respect to three different parameterizations. For the parameters motif size |M| and solution size |S|, we present fixed-parameter algorithms, whereas for the parameter |V| - |M|, we show W[1]-hardness for general instances and achieve fixed-parameter tractability for a special case of LIST-COLORED GRAPH MOTIF. We implemented the fixed-parameter algorithms for parameters |M| and |S|, developed further speed-up heuristics for these algorithms, and applied them in the context of querying protein-interaction networks, demonstrating their usefulness for realistic instances. Furthermore, we show that extending the request for motif connectedness to stronger demands, such as biconnectedness or bridge-connectedness leads to W[1]-hard problems when the parameter is the motif size |M|.}, keywords = {network analysis} }

@conference{SBNW11, title = {From Few Components to an Eulerian Graph by Adding Arcs}, author = {Manuel Sorge and René van Bevern and Rolf Niedermeier and Mathias Weller}, url = {http://fpt.akt.tu-berlin.de/publications/From_Few_Components_to_an_Eulerian_Graph_by_Adding_Arcs-WG.pdf}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-25870-1_28}, isbn = {978-3-642-25869-5}, year = {2011}, date = {2011-06-21}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 37th International Workshop on Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG'11), Teplá Monastery, Czech Republic}, volume = {6986}, pages = {307--318}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {Eulerian Extension (EE) is the problem to make an arc-weighted directed multigraph Eulerian by adding arcs of minimum total cost. EE is NP-hard and has been shown fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the number of arc additions. Complementing this result, on the way to answering an open question, we show that EE is fixed-parameter tractable with respect to the combined parameter “number of connected components in the underlying undirected multigraph” and “sum of indeg(v) - outdeg(v) over all vertices v in the input multigraph where this value is positive.” Moreover, we show that EE is unlikely to admit a polynomial-size problem kernel for this parameter combination and for the parameter “number of arc additions”.}, keywords = {graph modification, routing} }

@conference{BKMN10, title = {Measuring Indifference: Unit Interval Vertex Deletion}, author = {René van Bevern and Christian Komusiewicz and Hannes Moser and Rolf Niedermeier}, url = {http://www.akt.tu-berlin.de/fileadmin/fg34/publications-akt/unit-interval-vertex-deletion-wg10.pdf}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-16926-7_22}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/unit-interval-vertex-deletion-talk-wg2010.pdf}, isbn = {978-3-642-16925-0}, year = {2010}, date = {2010-06-28}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 36th International Workshop on Graph Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science (WG'10), Zarós, Crete, Greece}, volume = {6410}, pages = {232--243}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {Making a graph unit interval by a minimum number of vertex deletions is NP-hard. The problem is motivated by applications in seriation and measuring indifference between data items. We present a fixed-parameter algorithm based on the iterative compression technique that finds in O((14k+14)^(k+1)kn^6) time a set of k vertices whose deletion from an n-vertex graph makes it unit interval. Additionally, we show that making a graph chordal by at most k vertex deletions is NP-complete even on claw,net,tent-free graphs.}, keywords = {algorithmic graph theory, graph modification} }

@conference{BMN10, title = {Kernelization through Tidying---A Case Study Based on $s$-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion}, author = {René van Bevern and Hannes Moser and Rolf Niedermeier}, doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-12200-2_46}, isbn = {978-3-642-12199-9}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/kernelization-through-tidying-talk-latin10.pdf}, year = {2010}, date = {2010-04-19}, booktitle = {Proceedings of the 9th Latin American Symposium on Theoretical Informatics (LATIN'10), Oaxaca, Mexico}, volume = {6034}, pages = {527-538}, publisher = {Springer}, series = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, abstract = {We introduce the NP-hard graph-based data clustering problem s-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion, where the task is to delete at most k vertices from a graph so that the connected components of the resulting graph are s-plexes. In an s-plex, every vertex has an edge to all but at most s−1 other vertices; cliques are 1-plexes. We propose a new method for kernelizing a large class of vertex deletion problems and illustrate it by developing an O(k^2 s^3)-vertex problem kernel for s-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion that can be computed in O(ksn^2) time, where n is the number of graph vertices. The corresponding “kernelization through tidying” exploits polynomial-time approximation results.}, note = {The final version of this article appeared in Algorithmica}, longversion = {BMN12.html}, keywords = {graph modification} }

@mastersthesis{Bev10, title = {The Computational Hardness and Tractability of Restricted Seriation Problems on Inaccurate Data}, author = {René van Bevern}, url = {http://rvb.su/pdf/Bev10.pdf}, year = 2010, date = {2010-04-01}, address = {Jena, Germany}, school = {Institut für Informatik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität}, note = {Diploma thesis} }

@misc{Bev09, title = {Graph-based data clustering: a quadratic-vertex problem kernel for $s$-Plex Cluster Vertex Deletion}, author = {René van Bevern}, url = {http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.2814}, year = 2009, date = {2009-09-01}, address = {Jena, Germany}, school = {Institut für Informatik, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität}, note = {Undergraduate thesis}, slides = {http://rvb.su/pdf/2plex-cvd.pdf}, keywords = {graph modification} }

*This file was generated by
bibtex2html 1.98.*